Has the FDA approved any Covid-19 vaccines?

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first Covid vaccine -- from Pfizer-BioNTech -- in the summer of 2021. It later approved the Moderna vaccine in January of 2022. This means the vaccine received the standard Biologic License Application (BLA) approval, which represents the FDA’s highest standard and requires a longer period of evaluation.

The FDA had previously granted Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) to the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, the Moderna vaccine, and the Johnson & Johnson vaccine. Additional vaccines are in Phase 3 of clinical trials and maybe submitting data for review with the FDA soon. 

Emergency Use Authorization exists to allow the FDA more flexibility to review and authorize products for use during public health emergencies, like a pandemic. In order to grant an EUA, the FDA must determine that a vaccine can effectively prevent infection or disease and that its benefits outweigh potential risks (like serious side effects). While the EUA allows people to start receiving the vaccine, vaccine developers will continue to submit data to the FDA to achieve full FDA approval through a BLA.

Related Questions
Are children eligible to receive the Covid-19 vaccine?
The FDA and CDC have authorized Pfizer-BioNTech's vaccine for use in children ages 5 through 11 based on strong safety and effectiveness data. The vaccine's safety was studied in roughly 3,100 children who received the vaccine and no serious side effects have been noted. The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine was also found to be 90.7% effective in preventing Covid-19 infections in this age group. The immune responses were in line with what has been shown in people ages 16 through 25. Vaccinations…
Can I mix Covid vaccines and/or booster shots?
The FDA has authorized mixing booster doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson vaccines. Following the completion of primary (two shots for Pfizer and Moderna and one shot for J&J) vaccination, eligible individuals may choose to use the same or a different available Covid-19 vaccine as their booster dose.
Who is eligible for a booster shot?
The FDA has authorized booster shots for tens of millions of people who previously received two Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna doses, including: Seniors ages 65 and older Adults ages 18+ who have underlying medical conditions that put them at increased risk of the virus Adults ages 18+ in long-term care facilities, such as nursing homes or assisted living People at increased risk of the virus due to their working or living situations -- including first responders, teachers and school…
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